How to Make a Custom Brush Stamp and Grain
With the ability to create your own brushes, you can now add new textures and styles to your drawings. Whether you want to…
- make brushes that respond to pressure, tilt or velocity…
- design technical brushes for precision work…
- create more artistic textures with your own stamps and grains…
- or purchase professionally crafted brush packs from the in-app store…
… customizing your creative tools to fit your personal expression is now at your stylus tip.
In this tutorial, we’re going to walk you through how to make a simple stamp (the basis for any custom brush), a more complex stamp, and a grain (aka extra texture) for your custom brushes.
If you just want a few ready-made samples to work with while you get to know the brush editor, you can find the final stamps and grain we create here in How to Create a Custom Brush.
Our custom brush editor is stamp-based, meaning you can take a JPG or PNG (from a photo or scan) and tailor it into a repeatable image or “stamp.” Just like pixel-based applications allow you to make a brush using the image of a blossom or a finger-print, for example, you can use an image in Concepts to do the same thing.
Let’s begin with a simple stamp.
A Simple Stamp
1. Create an artboard on your infinite canvas.
Go to Settings, find Artboard Size, and define your artboard to be 512 x 512 pixels. (The smallest we recommend is 256 x 256 px. The largest we recommend is 1024 x 1024 px. It doesn’t have to be square, either, but it’s a great starting place.)
While you’re there, make sure the background color is white. Any color that isn’t white will be read as “pigment” in the stamps. If you use a transparent background, the app will automatically turn it white when you import the stamp image into the editor.
2. Drag a basic shape like a circle or star from the object library onto the artboard. Apply the Filled Stroke tool to make it a solid shape. Center the image in the artboard.
You can use the Precision tools to do this instead, drag multiple shapes onto the artboard (like circles + rectangles for dot-dash brushes), import images, or just draw something. You can even drag and drop an image or other shape from a Google search onto the artboard. Totally your call.
3. Export your artboard as a PNG using the “Custom” option to your iPhoto library, Files or cloud.
You can also select the shape, then drag and drop it straight to your location. It will save as a PNG file.
This image is all it takes to make a brush in Concepts. We’ll show you how to create a brush with it, including pressure sensitivity, tilt and other options, in How to Create a Custom Brush.
A More Complex Stamp
To make a brush that has textures or styles like the mediums used in traditional artworks, you can take a photo or scanned sample of the medium itself and bring it into the app. There is so much room for creativity here.
At the same time, the more complex or the bigger the brush you create, the more data and performance it will consume on your device. You’ll need to make some considerations for size and resolution. As Concepts remembers every stroke so you can move and adjust your work, we recommend you keep your stamp and grain usage as efficient as possible while achieving the look you prefer.
One other thing to note that feels ironic in a vector-based app: since you are making brushes from pixel-based images, it is possible to have pixellated brush strokes when you zoom in, depending on the resolution of your initial stamp image.
1. Make a sample of the medium you want to emulate digitally.
You can make a sample out of anything — oil pastel, chalk, spray paint, cloth material, acrylic paint, oil paint, quill pen, sand, leaves… just draw, paint or scatter it around on a piece of paper.
You can make a fast sample with a scribble, or take the time to study the feel of your medium. To show how deep you can go, we took an oil pastel and made this sample drawing.
We did quick sweeps with the pastel, then slow sweeps at high pressure, more at low pressure, tried different tilts and velocities, drew ovals and dots… whatever it took to see how the medium behaves when it’s used. We did the exact same set of strokes for every medium we tried, to get a full understanding of how to mimic them in our digital settings.
2. Scan in your sample or take a picture with your camera, iPhone or iPad. We used one of the dots in the above picture.
The lowest recommended image size is 256 x 256 px, great for small brushes, or you can go all the way up to 1024 x 1024 or higher px for larger-size brushes. We purchased a USB microscope and went really high on the resolution so we could zoom in close enough and pull out the textures.
Another note from the design team — while Concepts will automatically convert your photo to greyscale for you when you bring it into the brush editor (the fast option), if you’re very particular and want to have more control over your tonal values, we recommend you make it greyscale beforehand, either when scanning or through a photo editor.
3. Bring your scan or photo into a photo editor like Enlight, SnapSeed, iPhoto or Photoshop. Adjust the color values so that the background is pure white. Depending on the app, this can be as simple as adjusting your filter.
4. Now, do you see all those little black specks around the edges? We don’t know if that was part of the pastel or dust on the camera lens, but we want get rid of those and isolate the main shape.
Import the image into Concepts and use your erasers to clean away the specks. You also want to get rid of any really conspicuous dots along the edge of your shape like the one in the lower left corner, because it will prevent repetition in your final brush texture.
Go ahead and export the cleaned up version on a white background to your happy place. If you have an oblong brush (tall and skinny, for example), you can crop the image so the edges touch all the way around, it doesn’t have to be square.
You now have a unique, artistic stamp that is ready to be made into a custom brush. We’ll show you how to do this in How to Create a Custom Brush.
You might also want to consider creating a grain for your brush. A grain is another layer that adds additional texture to your brush.
Think of drawing on a paper with a rough texture, like a cold-press paper. The roughness adds an extra dimension to your ink or medium and can enhance your drawing. Watercolor paper has a very defined grain that comes out when you add the pigment, as opposed to painting on smooth cardstock. Concrete also has a rough texture that combines well with chalk or spray paint, adding a wonderful character to the overall result. You can do this on a digital level by combining stamps with a grain.
Making a Grain
Making a grain is similar to making a stamp, but goes a little deeper as it requires your images to be seamless at the edges. If you’re familiar with making patterns for fabrics or materials, you’ll understand the principle of repeating images — they need to meet up at the edges in a way that you can’t see the seams when they repeat.
If this is going too deep for you or you don’t have access to pixel-based editors like Photoshop, you can use the one we make here (at the end), or find free ones on the internet by doing a Google search.
1. Create a sample block of your physical medium on a piece of paper. This one is ~5 cm x 5 cm square. (You can go bigger if you want.)
2. Scan in the image or take a photo of it, and make it greyscale. Crop the image to a square.
3. Import your image into a pixel-based editor like Photoshop that allows you to offset and blend your edges.
4. Apply the Offset Filter to the edges of the square.
5. Take a Spot Healing tool and clean those up.
Here is the final, seamless oil pastel grain.
When you bring this grain into the brush editor in Concepts, you’ll see a live preview of it and be able to zoom in or out to get a finer or larger grain texture.
Awesome! Now that you have a stamp and a grain, you’re ready to turn them into a new brush in How to Create a Custom Brush.
Questions? Please ask in the comments or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org. We’ll be happy to help.
Written by Erica Christensen.
Stamp and grain by Lasse Pekkala.